Strategies for Preventing Problem Behavior
One approach to promoting behavior change is to focus on the events that occur immediately before the behavior of concern, known as antecedent strategies (McCollow et al., 2016). By manipulating the events immediately before a target behavior, the strategy has the potential to prevent the target behavior from occurring (Kern and Clemens, 2007). Antecedent strategies have been found to be an effective treatment for a diverse range of behavior (Radley & Dart, 2016). With paraeducators serving as primary interventionists (Fisher & Pleasant, 2012) and with paraeducators often supporting students who exhibit the most challenging behaviors (Giangreco et al., 1999), it is crucial to equip paraeducators with a toolbox of strategies for addressing problem behavior. Moreover, it is important for paraeducators to be fluent in universal evidence-based practices that can be used across students and environments. Participants will learn 10 easily implemented antecedent behavior strategies to help prevent challenging behavior across environments. Strategies such as environmental predictability, matching instructional level, opportunities to respond, effective instruction and commands, pacing, opportunity for choice, use of preferred activities, precorrection, high-probability requests, and behavior specific praise. Additionally, participants will learn ways to effectively implement these strategies (e.g., gaining attention, tone, wait time).